Artifacts on exhibit in this room are from the OVCH era that began on
July 24, 1978, until The Home closed in 1995. The Superintendent’s Residence exhibit on the ceiling of this room includes two black light
fixtures from the front porch; the two crystal light fixtures from the first floor foyer and hall; and a brass and white light fixture from one of the rooms
on the first floor.
The Ohio Soldiers and Sailors Orphans Home became the OVCH on
July 24, 1978. As stated in the Change of Name Ceremony Program from July 23, 1978: “In February 1978, legislation was introduced in the Ohio General Assembly to change the name of the Home to broaden the base
of admission requirements in order that more children might have the opportunity for the services that the Home can provide. The first priority
of admission would be for the children whose Mother or Father served honorably in one of our nation’s armed forces. Secondly, once the need
of the veterans’ children have been met, and providing that space is
available, any child of a resident of the state could be considered for admission. On April 24, 1978, Governor James A. Rhodes signed the
bill into law. Thus it is, that on July 24, 1978, the Ohio Veterans Children’s Home enters a new era.”
An oral history of the name change comes from conversations in
February 2013 that James Beaver (son of James Beaver, teacher) had
with Jack Newhouse (teacher) and Em Whilding (principal).
The April 24, 1978, bill signing photo is on display in this room, and
according to Mr Newhouse, he was in Columbus and snapped only that
one photo that day. When asked why the name changed from OS&SO
Home to OVCH: Jack said that by allowing all Ohio children to be eligible, this would also include all branches of our military and not just Soldiers
and Sailors. Since the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars groups were big supporters of the Home, this pleased them with the name change as well. Em said that the OVCH name took the word "orphan" out
of the title and allowed for more children to be eligible to enter the Home.
Upon entering the Museum,
a photograph of Lucy Webb Hayes,
wife of President Rutherford B. Hayes, is on display.
As stated on pages 95 and 96 of the book
by Emily Apt Greer, “First Lady, The Life of Lucy Webb Hayes:”
“Lucy had been interested in the establishment in Ohio of a home for
soldiers’ orphans ever since her long periods spent in Civil War camps,
where she had developed a lifelong concern for the welfare of soldiers and their families. The Grand Army of the Republic, having failed to get the 1868-69
legislature to support their plan for an orphans’ home, decided to start one by
voluntary contributions, and then try to persuade the state to take it over. With
the help of Lucy Hayes and others, they acquired a large tract of land near Xenia.
When Gen. J. W. Kiefer, a leader of the movement, asked Lucy to become a member
of the board, she refused for fear of adverse publicity on the eve of the
“bitter contest” for governor in 1869. She sensed that her appointment might cause trouble for those sponsoring the home. After the election of Rutherford to a
second term as governor in October, Lucy openly supported the project.
In the words of her husband, Lucy “ransacked” Columbus for money, books,
and gifts to make the first public event at the home,
a holiday celebration in December, a memorable event for the orphaned children.
In the spring of 1870, the state senate passed, by a single vote, a bill converting the home into a state institution. Since Lucy exerted pressure on her legislative friends to have the measure approved, she received considerable credit for the senate’s action. The last night of the session,
Democratic senators made a final effort to negate the bill by blocking confirmation of the proposed Board of Managers. What followed must have
been one of the wildest nights in the history of the Ohio Senate, an evening the Ohio State Journal labeled “A High Fling in the House.” With the hour
of adjournment for the session predetermined, opponents knew that if they could prevent confirmation of the Board, the Orphans Home could not operate as a state institution for at least a year. Since an even number of senators from each party was present, the Republicans tried to return Sen. Moses D. Gatch from his home in Xenia to break the tie and the Democrats looked for their missing member. In the meantime, Sen. Michael Goepper,
a warm friend of Lucy’s from Cincinnati, carried a filibuster in German, French, and English until the carriage sent by Rutherford to the depot arrived
with Senator Gatch.
Noting the arrival of Gatch, opponents tried to flee the legislative chamber to prevent a quorum from being present for the vote. Several hid in
the water closet and others bolted out into the street. An alert assistant sergeant-at-arms captured one senator and brought him back, much to the
chagrin of his copartners, who accused him of being too drunk to stay out of sight. The Journal (Republican in sentiment) called the legislators’
conduct, “unjustifiable, undignified, unmanly, and ungentlemanly.” The vote, when finally counted, confirmed the Board of Managers as proposed
by Governor Hayes, and the state-supported institution, so important to Lucy and Rutherford, had weathered its first storm.”
Also displayed in this room is the Association of Ex-Pupils Hall of Fame – We Honor These Members For Mighty Deeds of Mind and Heart
(established July 6, 1985). Another plaque on display is a layout of the Cemetery that is located behind Collier Chapel and it includes t
he name and location of the people buried there.
Morill W. “Hat” Noland (Class of 1929) was the owner of
the Noland Paper Company, Inc., Buena, Park, California. “Hat” refurbished this room in the AXP Museum. It was named in his honor and his photo is on the wall.
According to Chester R. Lundgren (Class of 1944) and
the Print Shop teacher for many years, “Hat” sent a
boxcar full of paper to The Home for use in the
Print Shop in the 1960’s.
Artifacts on exhibit in this room include the picture of
Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima that hung at the front
of the Children’s Dining Room, the picture of
Betsy Ross that hung in the school library, copies of
The Home Weekly (1876 – 1933), and a photo of a
mail run in the 1890’s made by horse and carriage,
leaving through The Home gates.
On exhibit in this room are sports clippings, Boy Scout Troop 176
and Rifle Team memorabilia, the Harold Mart Athletic Award, center
court from the Woodrow Wilson High School gym, photos, and
uniforms from the decades of Cadets who represented the Home
High School or Woodrow Wilson High School. The Ohio Veterans Children’s Home (OVCH) Cadets scoreboard reflects the final score
of the December 3, 1988, game between the Cadets and
Landmark Christian -- 71 to 66.
Also on display are photos of Coach Warren “Mousie” Eisenhut
and a recap of the “Mousie Era” (1941-1976)
written by his sons, Todd, Torrey & Bruce Eisenhut.
Artifacts on exhibit in this room are from the farm, the hospital, and
the biology and health classroom of Jack Newhouse. Band photos and uniforms from different decades are on display.
The trophy case includes 197 trophies organized by decade
(1922 - 1993) and represent achievement in: band, baseball,
basketball, color guard, cross country, drama, football,
hymn singing, military field day, rifle, scholastics, softball,
track and field, and volleyball.
The exhibit of Flossie Quick uniforms was donated
by Mary Kay Impson Gillespie (Class of 1945). Miss Quick was
admitted to The Home in 1908. She was the mother of Mary Kay
and Robert Impson (Class of 1941).
In 1881, the Association of Ex-Pupils was formed and they have
held a three-day reunion annually since then on the grounds of
the Ohio Soldiers and Sailors Orphans Home/Ohio Veterans Children’s Home. Memorabilia from these annual reunions are also on display.
NOLAND READING ROOM
PETER PAN ROOM
OHIO VETERANS CHILDREN’S HOME (OVCH) ROOM
Ohio Soldiers' & Sailors' Orphans' Home
Ohio Veterans' Childrens' Home
Association of Ex-Pupils
Artifacts on exhibit in this room are from Collier Chapel, the Peter Pan Cottages
and cottage name plates and photos from some of the demolished buildings.
A description of life in Peter Pan from a girl’s perspective follows: The Peter Pan
complex consisted of an arc-shaped building with seven doors. Doors for Pans 1, 2
and 3 were to the left of the center of the front of the building and were designated for boys. Doors for Pans 5, 6, and 7 were to the right of the center of the building and
were for the girls. The doors in the center of the building led to the office of the Dean of Peter Pan, the dining room, and kitchen. There was a wading pool to the outside
of the kitchen. The building was adorned with shutters on the front windows. A weather
vane and other decorations reminiscent of young children also accented the building.
Each Pan housed up to 20 children. There was a large play room with banquettes
under the windows for storage. Toys, games, and dress up items were kept in the banquettes. The children slept in a dormitory in child-sized beds. A dresser between each bed was shared by the children. Each child had one or two drawers for folded clothing. Hanging clothes were in a wardrobe. The children’s bathroom was also appropriately sized for children. It contained one bath tub made from green one-inch
tiles, two shower stalls of the same tile, three toilets and three sinks. Each Pan had
a living room that had normal sized furniture and, generally a piano and a television. Across the hall from the living room was the supervisor’s apartment consisting of
a small living room, bathroom and bedroom.
A typical day for a Peter Pan child was to be woken up by the supervisor or the
whistle, make beds, get dressed, face washed and teeth brushed and off to the dining room for breakfast. The dining room had graduated sized tables and chairs
depending on the age of the children. It was somewhat humorous to see the
supervisors sitting in the small chairs, but no one laughed. After breakfast it was a
walk to school or play in the recreation room. In good weather it was time to play
outside. After lunch it was time to “rest.” After rest it was go outside again. There
were swing sets, slides and other games to play. Summertime was time to play in the wading pool. After cleaning up it was back to the dining room for dinner. After dinner
it was again outside for a short time. Next came baths, brushing teeth and pajamas.
The supervisors would read a story or the children would watch an hour of television. Many supervisors also held devotions for the children. The Peter Pan children did
not go to the Chapel for Sunday services. At times, the children were bused to a
church outside of the Home grounds.
During inclement weather the children would walk through the cottages to get to the
dining room. Other than the hired cooks, the servers in the dining room were girls
from campus working “detail.” The boys made food deliveries to the kitchen and
storage rooms in the basement of the kitchen.
Children in Peter Pan were generally ages 5 to 8 or 9. At times, younger children were admitted. In the late 50’s, two buildings were built adjacent to Peter Pan. These
buildings were identified as Taylor and Washington cottages. Children ages 8 to 10
or 11 were housed here prior to moving to main campus. Each building was divided
into two cottages – A and B. Each cottage consisted of a large living room,
a supervisor’s apartment, a bathroom and a dormitory. In the dormitory each child
had a bed with a closet that contained a dresser, a toy chest and a place for hanging up clothes. Up to 20 children could be housed in each side. The basement had a large recreation room and a full sized kitchen. While these children played behind the
cottages and on Peter Pan grounds, they ate their meals in the main dining room.
A girl child, aged 5, entering the Home could be expected to start in Pan 5 as a kindergartner, Pan 6 during first and second grade, Pan 7, for third grade and
Taylor B for fourth and fifth grades prior to moving to main campus. Once on main campus, the child could expect to move two more times prior to a move into
Hayes Hall for her senior year